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Bibil Identifier bibil:211157
Publication Type Journal article
Title (French, Long) Calendriers bibliques: Salomon, Éléphantine, Jubilés, Dédicace
Author Nodet, É.
Journal Transeuphratène (Volume: 39)
Year (Publication) 2010
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2010
Year (Copyright) 2010
Year (Reference) 2010
Language French
Pages 121-151 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract The book of Jubilees claims that the secret of the Biblical calendar has been lost. It urges a reform and uses a "solar" year of 52 weeks or 364 days, reckoned from morning to morning. It begins on a Wednesday and the months are numbered. The reform did occur, for it is witnessed by Qumran documents and rabbinic traditions ; its starting point was on 23 March in 156 BCE, a wednesday with an equinox and a full moon. Besides the Babylonian lunar calendar used in later books, all the Biblical datings in numbered months follow this "solar" system, both in the narratives and in the laws, starting from the week of the Creation. However, this is a literary device, which never actually worked. For the feasts, it was adapted to circumstances, as can be shown at various periods (Elephantine, Josephus).
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Calendar
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha : Apocryphal Texts relating to Old Testament Characters or Events : Texts : Moses : Jubilees
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Egypt : Literature : Aramaic Papyri of Elephantine
Last modification 2017-10-27