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Bibil Identifier bibil:210009
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Responsive Blessings and the Development of the Tannaitic Liturgical System
Title (Modern Hebrew, Long) ברכות הראייה והופעת המערכת הליטורגית בספרות התנאית
Author Rosen-Zvi, Ishay
Journal Jewish Studies, an Internet Journal (Volume: 7)
Year (Publication) 2008
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2008
Year (Copyright) 2008
Year (Reference) 2008
Language Modern Hebrew
Pages 1-29 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract The paper deals with the liturgical system in Mishna Berakhot and the place that benedictions on external events or phenomena occupy in it. Contrary to the common view which interprets the Mishna as discussing three discrete liturgical practices, Shema (chapters 1-3), daily prayer (4-5) and meal benedictions (6-8), this paper claims that the Mishna presents a unified liturgical system, which shares a common basic feature: all its constituent parts are constructed as a series of benedictions. This is a unique phenomenon in ancient Jewish liturgy, unknown in other, related liturgical systems, such as that used in Qumran.
The second part of this paper examines the special place of the last chapter of Mishna Berakhot in this liturgical system. This chapter deals with a distinctive type of benediction, which does not have a fixed time or context, but is recited in response to external events or phenomena (formulated in the Mishna as “one who sees X says Y”). Although blessings of this sort are already well-documented in the Bible (e.g. Gen 14:17; Num 18:10), they do not receive fixed formulations and are not mandated in any pre-rabbinic or adjacent culture. The paper discusses this phenomenon from religious and phenomenological perspectives, analyzing the complex status of these benedictions in rabbinic liturgy and the logic of their inclusion in Mishna Berakhot.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Literature : Mishna : Zera'im : Berakhot
Links Online document (PDF, Modern Hebrew)
Last modification 2017-10-27