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Bibil Identifier bibil:210005
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) “Just Weights” – Heavenly and Earthly Justice
Title (English, ) A Study of the Laws of Weights and Measures in Rabbinic Literature
Title (Modern Hebrew, Long) מאזני צדק – משפט שמים וארץ
Title (Modern Hebrew, ) עיון בדיני מידות ומשקלות
Author Brand, Yitzhak
Journal Jewish Studies, an Internet Journal (Volume: 6)
Year (Publication) 2007
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2007
Year (Copyright) 2007
Year (Reference) 2007
Language Modern Hebrew
Pages 75-125 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract The laws of weights and measures in rabbinic literature are characterized by rigorous – sometimes perfectionist – standards. The extraordinary nature of these standards becomes conspicuous in a comparison between these laws and, for example, the laws of ona’ah. The punctiliousness here is partly explained by the resemblance between the conduct of a merchant – measuring and weighing – and of a judge: the merchant, measuring out quantities and amounts, is obligated to avoid committing any injustice. His weights must be just, his measurements exact. Further study reveals that the image of the judge is, in fact, the earthly reflection of the image of Divine justice. At the center of this image are the tools of Divine judgment: just weights and measures. A person who weighs and measures is required to bear Divine justice in mind at all times, as he employs the tools of earthly justice. Now any distortion of measurement –beyond representing deceit and injustice – becomes a rebellion against God. One who measures falsely may be compared, as it were, to an idolater.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Weights and measures
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Themes
Links Online document (PDF, Modern Hebrew)
Last modification 2017-10-27