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Bibil Identifier bibil:209231
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Nouns with Double Plural Forms in Biblical Hebrew
Author Tubul, Meirav
Journal Journal of Semitic Studies (Volume: 52, Issue: 2)
Year (Publication) 2007
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2007
Year (Copyright) 2007
Year (Reference) 2007
Language English
Pages 189-210 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract Most nouns in Hebrew have one plural form. However, a number of nouns have two plural forms: one with the -îm morpheme and the other with the -ôt morpheme. This paper will discuss the nouns with double forms in the plural in Biblical Hebrew. The central question at the focus of this paper is whether both plural forms are used in conditioned or free distribution, and what the variables that influence the choice of each plural form are. It was found that for most nouns the two plural forms are used in complementary distribution. The dominant variables that affect the choice of the plural morpheme are various literary and chronological variables, such as attraction, stylistic variation in adjacent forms and verses, as well as the literary genre of the text–poetry and wisdom literature as opposed to prose. Other variables are a complementary grammatical distribution which is dependent on the status of the word in the sentence and the conditioned distribution in the phrase in which the form appears. The semantic variable, which until now was the dominant variable discussed in studies of these nouns, was found to affect only a small number of cases.
DOI 10.1093/jss/fgm001
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Hebrew : Themes : Morphology
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Name
Last modification 2017-10-27