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Bibil Identifier bibil:207557
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) On the Origin of Watchers
Title (English, ) A Comparative Study of the Antediluvian Wisdom in Mesopotamian and Jewish Traditions
Author Annus, Amar
Journal Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha (Volume: 19, Issue: 4)
Year (Publication) 2010
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2010
Year (Copyright) 2010
Year (Reference) 2010
Language English
Pages 277-320 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract In the article, it is argued that the origin of Watchers derives from the Mesopotamian mythology of the antediluvian sages (apkallus). More precisely, it is proposed that the mythology of Watchers and their sons the giants derived from inverted versions of various Mesopotamian myths and beliefs about apkallus. On some layers of Mesopotamian mythology and ritual practices, the sages were already regarded as dangerous and potentially malicious creatures, upon which the Jewish authors could build their parody. Among other associations, the apkallus had strong ties to Mesopotamian demonology, and they were occasionally counted as evil beings, capable of witchcraft. This shows that the wickedness of antediluvian teachers of humankind in Jewish sources was not wholly an inversion of the Mesopotamian traditions by Jewish scholars, but was partly taken from already existing trends in Mesopotamian demonology.
DOI 10.1177/0951820710373978
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Ancient Near East (in general) : Literature : Myths and Narratives : Flood Narratives
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Themes : Demon
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha : Apocryphal Texts relating to Old Testament Characters or Events : Texts : Posterity of Adam to the deluge : Enoch : 1 Enoch (Ethiopian)
Last modification 2017-10-27