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Bibil Identifier bibil:207445
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Recognition of Children in Ancient Near Eastern Law (Part Two)
Author Fleishman, Joseph
Journal Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages (Volume: 36, Issue: 1)
Undefined link Recognition of Children in Ancient Near Eastern Law (Part One)
Year (Publication) 2010
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2010
Year (Copyright) 2010
Year (Reference) 2010
Language English
Pages 101-111 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract The second part of this contribution discusses the question of recognition of children in Ancient Near Eastern law in the light of tablet PBS 5,100 from Nippur, dating from the twenty-sixth year of the reign of Samsu-iluna and from some tablets from the Achaemenid and Seleucid periods. PBS 5,100 describes an interesting legal question involving the recognition of a child born after his father's death, and reviews a six-year debate of a case that began during the twentieth year of Samsu-iluna's reign. In the ease the legal status of a child born after his father's death was established solely on the basis of proof that the child had not been exchanged at birth with another infant. We are of the opinion that this text and those from the Achaemenid and Seleucid periods indicate yet again that a child's legal status derived from the marital bond existing between his parents and was not contingent on formal recognition.
In both parts of this contribution we attempt to show that various Ancient Near Eastern sources, comprising mainly documents from diverse periods and regions, and representing judicial theory and legislative reality, indicate that these legal sources do not provide either direct or indirect evidence regarding a recognition requisite for children born to couples in spousal relationships.
Although various literary sources from the Ancient Near East describe a custom or rite during which a newborn infant was placed on the knees of his father or grandfather, the evidence that this constituted a recognition ceremony is sparse and often refers to children born in unusual circumstances, and does not seem to have been a widespread phenomenon.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Mesopotamia (Elam, Mari, Sumer, Babylon, Assyria) : Mesopotamia (in general) : Literature : Legal Texts
Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Childhood
Last modification 2017-10-27