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Bibil Identifier bibil:204466
Publication Type Journal article
Title (German, Long) Mehrsprachigkeit im antiken Antiochien
Author Brändle, Rudolf
Journal Theologische Zeitschrift (Volume: 65, Issue: SH)
Year (Publication) 2009
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2009
Year (Copyright) 2009
Year (Reference) 2009
Year (Second publication) 2009
Language German
Pages 47-61 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract This contribution explores the phenomenon of plurilinguism in Late Antiquity Antioch. Antioch was one of the most important cities of the Roman Imperium, the administrative and military center of the Roman East. The surrounding villages were populated by Syrian-speaking people; in the city itself, the Greek language was predominant. While the majority of the city's inhabitants were probably bilingual, they did not necessarily speak Syrian. «There must have been a good deal of more or less shamefaced bi-lingualism» (Liebeschuetz). Because it was the language of the Romans, Latin was also spoken by some who lived in Antioch, including members of the administration and officers of the courts. The orders of the Roman army were also delivered in Latin.
It is possible that John Chrysostom had a background in Latin and actually spoke the language. He was a brilliant rhetorician and wrote in Attic Greek. The Syrian language was, for him, the language of the monks living in the mountains behind Antioch. These monks were, for Chrysostom, the real philosophers. Chrysostom's opinion in this matter led him to stand in opposition to the elite of the city, who completely ignored the contribution of the Syrian-speaking people. In the sixth century, when the Jacobean church was separated from Bycance, the Syrian language was finally recognized as having great importance to the church.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Antioch
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Ancient Near East (in general) : Languages / Epigraphy : Semitic Languages : North-West Semitic : Aramaic : Late Aramaic : Eastern Aramaic : Syriac
Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Latin (Language)
Last modification 2017-10-27