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Bibil Identifier bibil:204465
Publication Type Journal article
Title (German, Long) Die Rolle der Vernunft in der Verkündigung Jesu
Title (German, ) Eine anthropozentrische Annäherung an das Markus-Evangelium
Author Domanyi, Thomas
Journal Theologische Zeitschrift (Volume: 65, Issue: SH)
Year (Publication) 2009
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2009
Year (Copyright) 2009
Year (Reference) 2009
Year (Second publication) 2009
Language German
Pages 28-46 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract The one who today enters into a study of the relation of faith and reason enters a well-trodden path in the history of theology. Nevertheless a brief discussion may be relevant, especially when the perspective is not that of the history of philosophy or systematic theology, but that of biblical theology with an anthropocentric focus. Such a perspective is chosen in the present contribution by Thomas Domanyi, who in a paradigmatic manner approaches the question of the preaching and ethics of Jesus in its Marcan tradition. The chosen modus inveniendi makes use of the formal categories of the «gelebten», «reflektierenden» and «reflektierten» reason. The results of this approach can be summarized as follows:
The emphasis on reason, the reasonable and rational in the gospel of Mark cannot be ignored. Jesus ascribes in many places in the Marcan text a pre-eminent importance to reason.
In Mark, reason and the reasonable have an assertive function. As regards the messianic claim, Jesus does not appeal to the blind faith of his audience, but, in view of the urgency of his claim, takes into account the need of his audience for indications of the plausible. He accepts the normative claim of experience in general that the reasonable is right. He accepts the power of reason and understanding and thus demonstrates to the Hellenistic readers of his message that he is an open and trustworthy partner in dialogue.
The writers of the Gospels do not expect of their hearers an unsophisticated, naive faith. They endeavour consistently to communicate the Christ-message by means of the intellectual categories and concepts common to their audience. Matthew, for instance, makes use of the promise-fulfilment schema to convince his Jewish-Christian audience. Mark makes use of the convincing power of reason for the same purpose.
Jesus was not afraid of entering into a discussion on the basis of the critical premises and categories of thinking of his partners in the dialogue. He accepts rationality in principle as he makes use of the spiritual tools of his time. In this way he provides his audience with an exemplary model. They need not hesitate to approach his teachings on the basis of the premises of sound reason. The invitation to make use of reason proves not to be a destructive opponent of faith, but rather a constructive-critical companion which prevents faith from sliding into excessive enthusiasm and fanaticism. Without this constructive control by reason, the Christian religion would lose its legitimacy and credibility.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : New Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Faith
Thesaurus BiBIL : New Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Reason
Pericopes Mark 12,17-12,34
Last modification 2017-10-27