University of Lausanne BiBIL
  Institut romand des sciences bibliques
  Biblical Bibliography of Lausanne - BiBIL
Administration Contact Impressum  
Notice details
Bibil Identifier bibil:204132
Publication Type Journal article
Title (German, Long) Er nicht! Der Gottesknecht als Verweigerer des Heiligen Krieges
Title (German, ) Ein neues Verständnis von Jes 42,1-4
Author Grimm, Werner
Journal Biblische Notizen (Volume: 138)
Year (Publication) 2008
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2008
Year (Copyright) 2008
Year (Reference) 2008
Year (Second publication) 2008
Language German
Pages 47-61 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract As mainly the Books of Joshua and Judges bear testimony to, during the early ages Israel has waged ,,Holy Wars", not different from her neighboring countries. But precisely the Old Testament shows us a way out of the violence of ,,Holy Wars". The breach with this philosophy was first constituted within a prophetic vision: Isaiah 42,1-4 portrays the Ebed JHWH as an antagonist versus the leaders of the ,,Holy Wars". The alert by which Gideon in Judges 6-8 calls the conscripts together, and the other opening rituals of the ,,Holy War", the raising and blowing of the ram cornet (Schofar) (Judges 7,19-22; Joshua 6,4-10) as well as the clamor of compaign of the warriors (Judges 7,20-21; Joshua 6,5-10), are negated directly and verbatim: The Ebed JHWH does not shout for the warriors; he does not raise the ram cornet; he does not allow to let his voice be heard, when all others break into war songs. And he does not pursue the aim of a ,,Holy War" - the complete annihilation of enemies, as Isaiah 42,3 tells in two explicit metaphers.
The non-violent Ebed JHWH of Isaiah 42,1-4 is one aspect of the Christology of the Gospel according to Matthew.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Servant of God
Pericopes Isaiah 42,1-42,4
Last modification 2017-10-27