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Notice details
Bibil Identifier bibil:204111
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) From Goddess to Prophet
Title (English, ) 2000 Years of Continuity on the Mountain of Aaron Near Petra, Jordan
Author Lahelma, Antti
Author Fiema, Zbigniew T.
Journal Temenos. Nordic Journal of Comparative Religion (Volume: 44, Issue: 2)
Year (Publication) 2008
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2008
Year (Copyright) 2008
Year (Reference) 2008
Year (Second publication) 2008
Language English
Pages 191-222 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract The Mountain of Aaron (Jabal Haroun) near the ancient city of Petra, Jordan, is the traditional burial place of the Old Testament prophet and a site considered sacred by the three world religions of Christianity, Judaism and Islam. Since 1997, a Finnish archaeological project has been investigating the mountain through the excavations of a Byzantine pilgrimage complex on its high plateau and an intensive survey of its surroundings. In the course of the excavations, it has become clear that the Byzantine structures were preceded by a monumental building, probably a temple of the Nabataean-Roman period. Moreover, already in the pre-Christian period a pilgrim route probably led from central Petra to Jabal Haroun. The article explores the history and archaeology of Jabal Haroun, which shows a remarkable degree of continuity and opens up the prospect that the local folk tradition may preserve elements of Nabataean religion. Using contemporary rituals and beliefs associated with the mountain as a reference point, we suggest that the pre-Christian 'deity of Jabal Haroun' can be identified as the Nabataean goddess al-'Uzza.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Petra
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Ancient Near East (in general) : Themes : Nabateans
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Lands of the Levant (except Canaan-Israel) : Lands of the Levant (in general) : Archaeology
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : History of Canaan-Israel : Periods : Origins : Aaron
Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Mountain
Last modification 2017-10-27