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Bibil Identifier bibil:203629
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) The Covenant with Mut: A New Interpretation of Isaiah 28:1-22
Author Hays, Christopher B.
Journal Vetus Testamentum (Volume: 60, Issue: 2)
Year (Publication) 2010
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2010
Year (Copyright) 2010
Year (Reference) 2010
Year (Second publication) 2010
Language English
Pages 212-240 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract Many difficulties and perplexities in Isa 28:1-22 can be resolved by reading the text as a condemnation of the Judeans' seeking protection from Assyria by means of a covenant with one of Egypt's major deities, the mother goddess Mut. Her close association with the Egyptian throne would have given her the “right” to make a covenant; her protective aspect explains why those in distress would seek her; her motherhood explains why the Judeans who seek her are characterized as children; the prominence of drunkenness and flowers in her cult explains the appearance of those elements in Isaiah 28. She also was associated with the underworld as a protectress of the dead, and it is likely that her name sounded very much like the Hebrew word מות, “death”, making Isaiah's double entendre a natural play on words. Other features of the text such as the overwhelming flood refer to the Neo-Assyrians; Isaiah warns that Egypt and Mut cannot protect Judah from their assault.
DOI 10.1163/156853310X486857
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Drunkenness
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Egypt : Religion
Pericopes Isaiah 28,1-28,22
Terms מוּת
Last modification 2017-10-27