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Bibil Identifier bibil:203581
Publication Type Book
Title (English, Long) Jewish Babylonia between Persia and Roman Palestine
Title (English, ) Decoding the Literary Record
Author Kalmin, Richard
Year (Publication) 2006
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2006
Year (Copyright) 2006
Year (Reference) 2006
Library BCU/Dorigny, Lausanne
Signature Pérunil
Publishing house Oxford University Press
Place Oxford et al.
ISBN 978-0-19-530619-4
Edition number 1
Language English
Pages xiv Pages
286 Pages
height in cm -
Genre Original
Abstract The Babylonian Talmud was compiled in the 3rd through 6th centuries CE, by rabbis living under Sasanian Persian rule in the area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. What kind of society did these rabbis inhabit? What effect did that society have on important rabbinic texts? This book offers a re-examination of rabbinic culture of late antique Babylonia. It shows how this culture was shaped in part by Persia on the one hand, and by Roman Palestine on the other. The mid 4th century CE in Jewish Babylonia was a period of particularly intense “Palestinianization,” at the same time that the Mesopotamian and east Persian Christian communities were undergoing a period of intense “Syrianization.” The book argues that these closely related processes were accelerated by 3rd-century Persian conquests deep into Roman territory, which resulted in the resettlement of thousands of Christian and Jewish inhabitants of the eastern Roman provinces in Persian Mesopotamia, eastern Syria, and western Persia, profoundly altering the cultural landscape for centuries to come. The book also offers new interpretations of several fascinating rabbinic texts of late antiquity. It also demonstrates how Babylonian rabbis interacted with the non-rabbinic Jewish world, often in the form of the incorporation of centuries-old non-rabbinic Jewish texts into the developing Talmud, rather than via the encounter with actual non-rabbinic Jews in the streets and marketplaces of Babylonia.
DOI 10.1093/0195306198.001.0001
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Literature : Talmud (Babli and Yerushalmi)
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Persia : History and Civilization
Last modification 2017-10-27