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Bibil Identifier bibil:203136
Publication Type Journal article
Title (French, Long) D'une provincia byzantine à un jund abbasside: la dynamique de peuplement de la Palestine à la lumière de nouveaux outils de recherche (Système d'Information Géographique)
Author Dauphin, Claudine
Author Ben Jeddou, Mohammed
Journal Proche-Orient Chrétien (Volume: 59, Issue: 1-2)
Year (Publication) 2009
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2009
Year (Copyright) 2009
Year (Reference) 2009
Language French
Pages 7-51 Pages
Genre Original
Notes Comporte 10 illustrations (hors pagination).
Abstract Within the context of a major study of population dynamics in Bilad al-Sham from the Late Byzantine period to the early l950s, when the after-effects of the demographic tremors caused by the Nakba (the 1948 Palestinian Catastrophe) were first clearly felt, Palaestina Tertia in the crucial period between the twilight of Byzantine rule and the rise ofthe Abbassids was chosen as a test-case, with the specific aim of tracing the evolving relationship between sedentarism and nomadism. Our zone of study covers an irregularly-shaped polygon stretching from Aqaba (Byzantine Aila) in the south, to Ma ‘an on the east, to al-Karak on the northeast and to Dayr al-Balah-Raphia on the northeast and to Dayr al-Balah-Raphia on the northwest. For comparative purposes, two sub-regions were focused upon: Arad in the Northern Negev and Mizpe Ramon in the Central Negev. An archaeological database of 1.099 sites west of the Ghôr, “boxed” according to 20 descriptors and 70 variables, was created, as well as an environmental database comprising various spatial components (Relief Slope, Exposure, Geology, Pedology, Hydrography and archaeo-historical factors, such as ancient road networks and in- scriptions). The preliminary results of our analysis which combines C. Dauphin's Archaeological Demography (which draws on Landscape Archaeology, Physical Geography, Anthropology, Religious Sociology, and Socio-Economic History) and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are presented here. Against the background of a general demographic decline, of Christianity gaining a foothold and ultimately assuming control of the fewish bastion of the Darôm, and, further South, in the Central Negev highlands, of the crystallization and consolidation of Islam expressed archaeologically by several hundred Arabic inscriptions and the construction of open-air oratories (masjid), two trends stand out, which so far confirm the hypotheses putforward by the Israeli Negev Archaeological Survey: the north-south dissemination of terraced wâdi agriculture from the plains of the Northern Negev to the highlands of the Central Negev. and the south-north infiltration and sedentarisation of Beduin Arabs. Spatialisation of crossed data and statistics over the whole of Palestine III will enable us to proceed from local to regional population dynamics, while evaluating the weight of nomadic versus sedentary life, as well as modelling the landscape associated with each of these ways of life and its evolution due to variations in the importance of one in relation to the other, or to a balanced coexistence.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : History of Canaan-Israel : Demography
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Sites : Sites (M - P) : Negev
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Periods : Byzantine Period (324-640)
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Periods : Arabic Period (640-1099)
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Periods : Sixth Century and beyond
Last modification 2017-10-27