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Bibil Identifier bibil:202795
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Twisting Traditions: Programmatic Absence-Theology for the Northern Kingdom in 1 Kgs 12:26-33 (the "Sin of Jeroboam")
Author Berlejung, Angelika
Journal Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages (Volume: 35, Issue: 2)
Year (Publication) 2009
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2009
Year (Copyright) 2009
Year (Reference) 2009
Year (Second publication) 2009
Language English
Pages 1-42 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract 1 Kgs 12:26-33* is a polemical dtr fiction that has no reliable historical information about the time of Jeroboam I, but reflects historical facts (such as, for example, the integration of Bethel and Dan into the political entity "Israel") of the time of Jeroboam II (not of the 7th through the 5th century BC) and the theological discourses of later periods.
The "sin of Jeroboam" is not Jeroboam's veneration of foreign gods or choice of the wrong cult places, but rather his production of dead artefacts and godless sanctuaries for YHWH. His calves and their dwellings were for DtrH not signs of YHWH's presence, but arbitrary simulations of presence, thus they were indications of YHWH's absence. The North, in its totality as god-forsaken country, was meant when the merism "Bethel and Dan " was chosen.
The dtr fiction, I Kgs 12:26-30A, worked with Ancient Near Eastern traditional paradigms being connected with the making of divine images and dwellings, and which were an integral part of Ancient Near Eastern image-presence and temple-presence theology. These paradigms were used by DtrH against Jeroboam I, whose kingdom and cult were said to be grounded on arbitrarily made YHWH simulations. 1 Kgs 12:26-30A links the North with (YHWH's-) absence-theology while (YHWH's) presence-theology is the monopoly of Jerusalem (and the foundation for cult centralisation). Moreover, the traditional Ancient Near Eastern patterns which were linked to the destruction of divine statues or dwellings (divine absence, wrath and punishment) were applied in 1 Kgs 12:26-30A and in the books of 1 and 2 Kgs to their production. A view in 1 and 2 Kgs makes clear that the traditional Ancient Near Eastern conceptions (being part of the royal ideology) which connected the making of images with divine reward and presence, and the abstinence/destruction of images with divine punishment and absence were inverted. The biblical texts are a systematic reversal of Ancient Near Eastern image-, iconic presence-theology and royal ideology.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Historical Traditions : Deuteronomist
Pericopes 1 Kings 12,26-12,33
Last modification 2017-10-27