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Bibil Identifier bibil:202598
Publication Type Journal article
Title (French, Long) La pénalité dissuasive à Éléphantine
Title (French, ) Réflexions sur le scribe, la politique judiciaire perse et la communauté judéo-araméenne
Author de la Vallée Poussin, F.
Journal Transeuphratène (Volume: 36)
Year (Publication) 2008
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2008
Year (Copyright) 2008
Year (Reference) 2008
Year (Second publication) 2008
Language French
Pages 57-78 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract Deterrent penalty clauses are common in Elephantine contracts; the study addresses them with the concept of redaction tradition, which is analysed in its societal functioning. A diachronic survey of the corpus of abnormal hieratic- demotic - Aramaic contracts from Kushites to Persians shows an overall coherence of the concept. Two groups of matters are identified: land property and people status make one group of redaction traditions, whose functioning involves the royal court, evolves according to changes in the royal sphere and may include deterrent penalty; marriage, movable loan and land lease make the other group, whose functioning confines within the community, shows more stability and includes ad valorem compensations only. The origin of the penalty tradition is searched in influences from the Mesopotamian area; under the Saites a transfer from the Neo-Assyrians may have been induced by Psammetichus I, but with little acceptance in the Theban domain, and complete disappearance under the Persians. It is proposed that the penalty Aramaic tradition in Elephantine came under Darius I along with Aramaic scribes who brought the idea while being transferred from Babylon to Egypt.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Ancient Near East (in general) : Themes : Scribe
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Egypt : Literature : Legal Texts
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Egypt : Literature : Aramaic Papyri of Elephantine
Last modification 2017-10-27