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Bibil Identifier bibil:202540
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Apolytrosis as Ritual and Sacrament: Determining a Ritual Context for Death in Second-Century Marcosian Valentinianism
Author Lewis, Nicola Denzey
Journal Journal of Early Christian Studies (Volume: 17, Issue: 4)
Year (Publication) 2009
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2009
Year (Copyright) 2009
Year (Reference) 2009
Language English
Pages 525-561 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract Irenaeus of Lyons reports that a second-century Valentinian group, the Marcosians, developed a ritual system that included a sacrament performed for an individual at the point of death. The rite helped to "establish" the individual in the higher celestial realms. Using comparanda from various ancient sources, this paper examines our extant evidence for early Christian death rites. It asserts that the Valentinian death sacrament precedes the development of a similar Catholic rite by nearly a thousand years, thus attesting to the sophistication of Valentinian ritual systems distinct from those of the nascent orthodox church.
DOI DOI:10.1353/earl.0.0290
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Gnosticism : Sects and Schools : Valentinians
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Periods : Second Century
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Themes : Funeral Rites
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Ancient Christian Literature : Texts and Authors (Church Fathers) : Texts and Authors : Irenaeus
Thesaurus BiBIL : New Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Redemption
Terms ἀπολύτρωσις
Last modification 2017-10-27