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Bibil Identifier bibil:202364
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Abraham Geiger's Independent Commentary to the Mishnah
Title (Modern Hebrew, Long) על ה'פרשנות העעמאים' למשנה של אברהם גייגר
Author Gafni, Chanan
Journal Hebrew Union College Annual (Volume: 77)
Year (Publication) 2006
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2006
Year (Copyright) 2006
Year (Reference) 2006
Year (Second publication) 2006
Language Modern Hebrew
Pages נא-ע Pages
Genre Original
Abstract By claiming that the Talmud misinterpreted the Mishnah, Abraham Geiger's less known work, Lehr- und Lesebuch zur Sprache der Mischnah (1845), the focus of this article, challenged a fundamental axiom of the tradition of an immutable halakhic system. In this book, Geiger not only addressed the need for a modern commentary to the Mishnah, but also expressed reservations concerning the talmudic method of interpreting the Mishnah. Hie ensuing harsh attacks were a predictable response to Geiger's unprecedented critical approach and, even more so, to his essay's underly­ing ideological agenda. Whether seen as the result of the amoraic failure to grasp earlier tannaitic traditions or, alternatively, as a conscious amoraic attempt to shape halakhah according to the needs of their time, inherent in the assertion that the Talmud misinterpreted the Mishnah was a serious revision of the understanding of the history of halakhah, which raised questions as to its authoritative nature. Trac­ing Geiger's writing both prior to and following the publication of this book reveals moderation of Geiger's approach to the Talmud. In response to the criticism of his book, he came to portray the Talmud as a positive model for halakhic reform rather than as a legal corpus to be abandoned in modern times.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Literature : Mishna
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Important Persons and Movements : 17th-21st Centuries
Last modification 2017-10-27