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Bibil Identifier bibil:202309
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Problems in Reconstructing the Organizational Chart of the Essenes
Author Metso, Sarianna
Journal Dead Sea Discoveries (Volume: 16, Issue: 3)
Year (Publication) 2009
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2009
Year (Copyright) 2009
Year (Reference) 2009
Year (Second publication) 2009
Language English
Pages 388-415 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract Attempts at reconstructing the nature and organizational structure of the Essene movement have largely been based on the manuscripts of the Damascus Document and the Rule of the Community. This article calls attention to a number of additional fragmentary documents from Cave 4, and examines the challenges they pose and how they relate to various theories regarding the nature of the communities behind them. A fundamental question is to what extent the so-called rule texts reflect actual historical circumstances, and this question is intrinsically linked to the question of the function of the texts in the communities that used them. A study of the organizational terms used in the documents reveals that these terms were used in a variety of ways, and while some terms may reflect actual historical circumstances, others probably did not. This result has implications for the feasibility of using these texts for historical reconstruction.
DOI 10.1163/156851709X473996
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Religious Parties and Movements : Essenes
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Qumran - Dead Sea : Texts : Texts : 1Q - Qumran Cave 1 : 1QS - Rule of the Community / Manual of Discipline
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Qumran - Dead Sea : Texts : Texts : 4Q - Qumran Cave 4 : 4Q265 - Micellaneous Rules
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Qumran - Dead Sea : Texts : Texts : 4Q - Qumran Cave 4 : 4Q274-283 - Tohorot
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Qumran - Dead Sea : Texts : Texts : 5Q - Qumran Cave 5 : 5Q13 - Rule
Last modification 2017-10-27