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Notice details
Bibil Identifier bibil:201984
Publication Type Book
Title (English, Long) Female Figurines from the Mut Precinct
Title (English, ) Context and Ritual Function
Author Waraksa, Elizabeth A.
Series Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis (Volume: 240)
Year (Publication) 2009
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2009
Year (Copyright) 2009
Year (Reference) 2009
Library BCU/Dorigny, Lausanne
Signature TO DEFINE
Publishing house Academic Press
Place Fribourg
ISBN 978-3-7278-1653-6
Publishing house Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Place Göttingen
ISBN 978-3-525-53456-4
Edition number 1
Language English
Pages xi Pages
246 Pages
height in cm 24
Genre Original
Abstract This study concerns the ceramic female figurines excavated by Johns Hopkins at the Precinct of Mut in Luxor, Egypt between 2001 and 2004. The figures date from the New Kingdom to the Late Period (ca. 1550-332 BCE). Ceramic figurines are frequently overlooked by archaeologists, art historians, and social historians because they lack the aesthetic qualities usually associated with Egyptian art. However, the Hopkins-excavated figurines display features that mark them as standardized ritual objects. I argue that ceramic female figurines were produced in workshops, utilized by magician/physicians in healing rituals, and regularly snapped and discarded at the end of their effective ‘lives.’ This is a new, broader interpretation for objects that have previously been interpreted as toys, dolls, concubine figures, and - most recently - votive "fertility figurines.”
Chapter 1 presents a brief history of the Mut Precinct and summarizes the work of Johns Hopkins at the site. It also addresses the current state of figurine studies in Egyptology, including a critique of the "fertility figurine” theory. Finally, I present a typology for the Mut Precinct figurines. Chapter 2 is a detailed study of the materials and manufacture of ceramic female figurines. I suggest that the figurines were manufactured by craftsmen in state-sponsored workshops, and that the red hue of many figures signals that the objects were malevolent and ultimately to be destroyed. Chapter 3 presents translations and commentary for magico-medical spells calling for female figures of clay, which demonstrate how female figurines functioned in magical rituals. Chapter 3 also discusses a new term for "clay figurine.” Finally, a survey of magico-medical texts calling for other types of clay figurines is presented, highlighting the widespread use of such figures. Chapter 4 reviews the salient conclusions of the study, and discusses the use of ceramic female figurines at the Mut Precinct specifically. This new interpretation of Egyptian female figurines broadens our understanding of objects often called "crude” and placed in the realm of women by demonstrating that ceramic female figurines were manufactured and acquired by men, and manipulated to heal a variety of patients. This study will undoubtedly encourage future studies of archaeological finds in concert with magico-medical texts.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Egypt : Archaeology : 2d millennium
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Egypt : Archaeology : 1st millennium
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Ancient Near East (in general) : Themes : Women
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Egypt : Literature : Rituals and Magical Texts
Last modification 2017-10-27