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Bibil Identifier bibil:156690
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) The Concept and Purpose of Hell: Its Nature and Development in West Semitic Thought
Author Wyatt, N.
Journal Numen. International Review for the History of Religions (Volume: 56, Issue: 2-3)
Year (Publication) 2009
Year (Copyright) 2009
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2009
Year (Reference) 2009
Language English
Pages 161-184 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract A number of currents of thought gradually coalesced into the Judaeo-Christian conception of "hell." This article attempts to relate them. The earliest traceable ideas involve a disembodied, subterranean existence of the common dead, or in exceptional cases total annihilation. Deceased kings were deified and continued to be involved in the affairs of the living, as in the Ugaritic funeral and kispum text KTU 1.161. This was parodied in Isaiah 14, which also indicates that such a belief was current, if criticised, in Israel-Judah. The theme of cosmic rebellion, wrongly traced to text KTU 1.6 i 43-67, actually emerged in such passages as Isaiah 14, Ezekiel 28 and post-biblical derivative texts. The arrogant royal figure of such passages merged with the developing figure of Satan. The tradition of child sacrifice in Israel-Judah, performed at the tophet in the Valley of Hinnom, also contributed to the geography of hell in its Greek form Gehenna.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Themes : Netherworld
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Themes : Netherworld
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Ancient Near East (in general) : Themes : Netherworld
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Lands of the Levant (except Canaan-Israel) : Ugarit : Religion
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Satan
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Themes : Angel
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Themes : Sacrifice
Pericopes Isaiah 14,1-14,32
Ezekiel 28,1-28,26
Last modification 2012-10-23