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Bibil Identifier bibil:149567
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Khirbet Qeiyafa: Shaʾarayim
Author Garfinkel, Yosef
Author Ganor, Saar
Journal Journal of Hebrew Scriptures (Volume: 8, Issue: 22)
Year (Publication) 2008
Year (Copyright) 2008
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2008
Year (Reference) 2008
Language English
Pages - Pages
Genre Original
Notes 9 pages.
Abstract Khirbet Qeiyafa is a 2.3 hectare fortified early 10th century BCE site, located in the Judean Shephelah, atop a hill that bordered the Elah Valley from the north. This is a key strategic location in the biblical kingdom of Judah, on the main road from Philistia and the Coastal Plain to Jerusalem and Hebron in the hill country. It is the only site in the Kingdoms of Judah and Israel with two gates. This unique feature provides a clear indication of the site's identity as biblical Sha`arayim, a place name that means “two gates” in Hebrew. Sha`arayim is mentioned three times in the Bible (Jos 15:36; 1 Sam 17:52 and 1 Ch 4:31-32). It is located near the Elah valley, associated with King David twice, and not mentioned in conjunction with any other later First Temple period tradition. This accords with the archaeological and radiometric data that indicate a single-phase settlement in the early 10th century BCE at Khirbet Qeiyafa.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Sites : Sites (Q - S)
Pericopes Joshua 15,36
1 Samuel 17,32
Links Online document (PDF, English)
Last modification 2017-10-27