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Bibil Identifier bibil:142245
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Publius Quinctilius Varus in Jewish Sources
Author Eshel, Hanan
Journal Journal of Jewish Studies (Volume: 59, Issue: 1)
Year (Publication) 2008
Year (Copyright) 2008
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2008
Year (Reference) 2008
Language English
Pages 112-119 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract Varus was the Roman governor of Syria between 7 and 4 BCE. After Herod's death in 4 BCE, Varus ruthlessly suppressed the riots that broke out in Judaea, during which Roman soldiers razed the porticos of the temple in Jerusalem. These events are described in detail in Josephus' writing, and are mentioned in the pseudoepigraphical work the Assumption of Moses and in the rabbinic chronicle work Seder 'Olam Rahbah. Between 6 and 9 CE Varus was the legate of Germania. In 9 CE, while Varus was leading three legions from the areas north of the Rhine to their winter quarters on the Lippe and Rhine rivers, the Germanic tribes at the Teutoburg Forest ambushed him. The Germanic forces slaughtered the Roman legionaries; during the battle Varus committed suicide. We have not found in the writings of Josephus or in the apocryphal and rabbinic works the claim that Varus was killed in Germania because of his actions in Jerusalem. Therefore, it seems as though Josephus and Jews in Judaea were not aware of what befell Varus in the Teutoburg Forest in 9 CE.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : History of Canaan-Israel : Periods : Roman Period (from 63 BCE) : From the Beginning of the Christian Era to the First Jewish War ( 4 BCE - 65 CE)
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Religious Parties and Movements : Hellenistic Judaism : Josephus
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Literature : Midrash : Homiletic Midrashim : Seder Olam Rabba
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha : Apocryphal Texts relating to Old Testament Characters or Events : Texts : Moses : Assumption of Moses / Testament of Moses
Last modification 2017-10-27